I really ain't one to be talking all that pedantic art shit, but let me point this out-
I have a great interest in painting and I'm pretty sure the composition of my photos is often subconsciously influenced by painting. I sure didn't think of Anselm Kiefer when I made this photo or even after it was printed and I started to work with the "visitors" image but it must be hidden away in my mix. This Kiefer painting, Nigredo, is one of my all time favorites. That high horizon line is off the hook.
In landscape photos, I tend to prefer a high horizon line and a stark foreground. As usual, I have about 20 specific reasons for why I like a lot of foreground...whatever.
I saw a show at the Philadelphia Museum of Art about 20 years ago; a retrospective of W. Eugene Smith that I think was called "Let Truth Be the Prejudice." There was one photo in that show, of course I can't remember the name, which was a shot taken low on the ocean, with only ocean as foreground and US naval ships high in the frame. The image was remarkably flat for an image of undulating water and really beautiful. I saw that image around the same time as Nigreo at the art museum. Bring it, Philadelphia.