Direct, and a device that I use to that end is a fill flash outdoors and indoors. The majority of the images are centered, many are linear, most of the portraits are constructed with the trappings of conventional portraiture, particularly a kind of snapshot aesthetic. I prefer rough-shorn and in the moment, a flattening as opposed to the crafting of shadows and detail.
The portraiture is direct and it's almost always an interaction, not a surreptitious shot coming from observation of movement and life in the world. There's some of those traditional on the fly street shots, and those are important, but they are few and far between in my body of work.